School Based Assessment According to NPA 2024: Guidelines and Importance


In the educational landscape of South Africa, School-Based Assessment (SBA) emerges as a pivotal assessment approach, meticulously carried out by teachers within the school environment.

This ongoing process traverses the academic year, encompassing various assessment methods, from tests to projects, presentations, and hands-on tasks.

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School Based Assessment According To NPA

The essence of SBA lies in its multifaceted objectives:

Comprehensive Insight: SBA provides a holistic understanding of a student’s capabilities, knowledge, and proficiencies.

It empowers educators to closely track the trajectory of students’ learning journeys, furnish constructive feedback, and make well-informed choices concerning their educational growth.

Guidelines and Framework: The National Protocol on Assessment (NPA) orchestrates the orchestration of SBA in South Africa. The NPA delineates fundamental principles:

  • Alignment and Integration: SBA harmonizes with the curriculum and assessment policy statements, amplifying its role in informing teaching and learning strategies.
  • Reliability and Uniformity: Employing diverse assessment methods, SBA maintains a uniform marking and recording approach, ensuring reliable outcomes.
  • Equity and Fairness: Designed to transcend background and circumstances, SBA champions impartiality for all learners.
  • Informative Insight: SBA yields insights that prove instrumental for teachers, learners, and parents.

Weightage and Balance: The NPA introduces a weightage framework that dictates the proportion of SBA and end-of-year examinations in learners’ final grades.

Most subjects adhere to a balance where SBA accounts for 60% of the final mark, while end-of-year examinations contribute 40%.

Exemplifying SBA Tasks:

  1. Tests: A conventional yet effective form of SBA, tests gauge learners’ grasp of specific content or skills.
  2. Projects: Projects offer a canvas for creativity, allowing learners to showcase their knowledge and competencies through open-ended assignments.
  3. Presentations: Empowering learners to communicate their insights and ideas effectively, presentations foster expressive learning.
  4. Practical Tasks: Practical tasks gauge learners’ ability to translate theoretical knowledge into practical applications, situating their understanding in real-world contexts.

Emphasizing Fairness and Progress:

SBA stands as an indispensable facet of South Africa’s assessment panorama.

Beyond just gauging performance, it informs pedagogical strategies, enables tailored feedback, and levels the academic playing field for all students.

As SBA ensures that every learner is accorded an equitable opportunity to thrive, it becomes an essential instrument for nurturing well-rounded individuals ready to embark on their educational journeys.

Table of Contents

What is meant by school based assessment?

Within the school environment, School-Based Assessment (SBA) emerges as a dynamic form of evaluation.

This continuous process, spanning the academic year, encompasses an array of assessment techniques like tests, projects, presentations, and practical tasks.

Comprehensive Insight and Growth: The fundamental purpose of SBA lies in unveiling a holistic panorama of a student’s aptitude, knowledge, and abilities.

By its very design, SBA enables educators to gauge students’ learning trajectories continually, offer constructive feedback, and make well-informed educational decisions.

Versatile Applications: SBA serves a multitude of objectives, including:

  1. Monitoring Progress: SBA becomes a lens to track student advancement over time, identifying areas where extra support may be required.
  2. Fostering Feedback: It offers a platform to provide students with feedback, aiding them in recognizing areas for enhancement.
  3. Informed Instruction: SBA informs pedagogical choices, empowering educators to tailor their approaches to students’ needs.
  4. Reporting Achievement: The outcomes of SBA can be shared with parents, guardians, and stakeholders as a means to communicate student accomplishment.

Distinctive Characteristics:

  1. Holistic Appraisal: SBA offers a comprehensive evaluation, encompassing diverse skills and knowledge beyond traditional testing boundaries.
  2. Formative Emphasis: It leans towards a formative assessment approach, providing ongoing feedback that propels student improvement.
  3. Adaptability: SBA adapts to individual students and class requirements, ensuring fairness and equity in evaluations.
  4. Instructional Enhancement: Insights from SBA guide instructional enhancements, contributing to overall student development.

A Complete Tool for Enrichment:

SBA emerges as a cornerstone in the assessment framework of many nations, bestowing teachers with invaluable insights into student progress.

It levels the playing field, ensuring all students have equitable opportunities for achievement.

Advantages of SBA:

  1. Holistic Perspective: SBA offers a comprehensive lens on diverse student attributes, transcending traditional testing confines.
  2. Formative Focus: Its ongoing nature nurtures a learning-driven approach, fostering gradual but impactful student improvement.
  3. Adaptability: Tailoring to individual students and class dynamics, SBA underscores fairness and inclusivity.
  4. Instructional Insight: By directing instructional approaches, SBA paves the path for optimized student learning.

In summation, SBA proves a potent tool for enhancing student progress.

Importantly, SBA isn’t a standalone tool but should harmonize with other assessments, amalgamating into a complete portrait of student accomplishment.

What is school based assessment in South Africa?

In the realm of education in South Africa, School-Based Assessment (SBA) stands as a vital approach to evaluating students’ progress and capabilities.

This ongoing assessment, conducted within the school environment, is a multifaceted process that incorporates diverse methods to gauge students’ performance.

From tests and projects to presentations and practical tasks, SBA offers educators a holistic view of students’ skills, knowledge, and potential.

This section of this post delves into the intricacies of SBA in South Africa, its significance, purpose, and its role in shaping a balanced educational experience.

The Purpose and Significance of SBA

At the heart of School-Based Assessment (SBA) lies the aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of a student’s abilities and growth.

This dynamic process extends throughout the academic year, encompassing a spectrum of evaluation techniques. Its purpose is multifaceted:

  • Monitoring Progress: SBA enables teachers to continually monitor students’ learning journey, tracking their advancement and identifying areas that may require additional attention.
  • Offering Feedback: SBA supplies students with valuable feedback on their work, guiding them toward areas of improvement and fostering a culture of continuous learning.
  • Informed Decisions: Educators utilize SBA insights to make well-informed decisions about instruction, tailoring their teaching methods to meet individual student needs.
  • Holistic Reporting: SBA outcomes contribute to reporting student achievement, offering a comprehensive perspective to parents, guardians, and stakeholders.

Guiding Principles of SBA

The National Protocol on Assessment (NPA) serves as the guiding framework for School-Based Assessment in South Africa.

The NPA outlines key principles that SBA should adhere to:

  • Curriculum Alignment: SBA should seamlessly align with curriculum and assessment policy statements, contributing to effective teaching and learning.
  • Consistency and Reliability: Employing a variety of assessment methods, SBA should be conducted consistently and marked reliably across different contexts.
  • Equity and Fairness: SBA is designed to be equitable for all learners, irrespective of their backgrounds, ensuring a level playing field.
  • Informative Nature: SBA should yield valuable information that benefits teachers, learners, and parents alike.

Weightings and Impact

In calculating learners’ final marks, the National Protocol on Assessment specifies the relative weightings of SBA and end-of-year examinations.

For most subjects, SBA carries a weight of 60% in the final mark, while end-of-year examinations contribute 40%.

Illustrative SBA Tasks

School-Based Assessment encompasses an array of evaluation tasks, offering a balanced perspective of students’ capabilities.

Common examples include:

  • Tests: These assess specific content knowledge and skills, serving as a structured evaluation approach.
  • Projects: Encouraging creativity, projects enable learners to showcase their knowledge and skills in innovative ways.
  • Presentations: Presentations facilitate effective communication of ideas and knowledge to peers and educators.
  • Practical Tasks: Practical tasks gauge learners’ ability to apply acquired knowledge in real-world scenarios.

The Crucial Role of SBA

In the intricate tapestry of South Africa’s education system, School-Based Assessment occupies a pivotal place.

It empowers educators with insights into students’ learning trajectories, fostering a learning environment that champions growth and fairness.

SBA embodies the spirit of holistic assessment, ensuring that learners’ talents and potential are nurtured, and their achievements are acknowledged.

As South Africa continues its journey toward educational excellence, the principles of SBA remain foundational, steering the educational landscape toward a brighter and more equitable future.

What is the NPA for schools?

In the landscape of South African education, the National Protocol on Assessment (NPA) stands as a beacon of guidance, ensuring that the principles of fairness, equity, and authenticity are embedded within the realm of school-based assessment.

Developed by the Department of Basic Education (DBE) in 2011, the NPA sets forth a comprehensive framework that shapes how learners are assessed, emphasizing real-world skills, relevance, and efficiency.

Upholding Authenticity in Assessment

At the core of the NPA lies the principle of authenticity.

It underscores the importance of assessment mirroring the skills and knowledge that learners need to thrive in the real world.

Authentic assessments resonate with learners’ practical experiences and challenges, offering a meaningful way to gauge their readiness for success beyond the classroom.

Ensuring Fairness for All Learners

Fairness is a cornerstone of the NPA’s principles. It advocates that assessment should be impartial, treating all learners equitably, regardless of their backgrounds or circumstances.

By creating an inclusive assessment environment, the NPA ensures that every learner has an equal opportunity to demonstrate their capabilities and potential.

Fostering Relevance in Assessment

Relevance is a key tenet of effective assessment.

The NPA emphasizes that assessments should align with the curriculum and cater to the unique needs of learners.

This alignment ensures that the assessments provide insights into learners’ progress while contributing to their overall educational journey.

Balancing Efficiency in Assessment

Efficiency is valued in the NPA’s approach to assessment.

While assessment is crucial, the NPA recognizes that it should not become a burdensome process.

Assessments should be efficiently administered, enabling educators to glean insights into learners’ development without overwhelming their teaching schedules.

Validity: Measuring What Matters

The NPA underscores the importance of validity in assessment.

Validity ensures that assessments measure what they are intended to measure. By focusing on valid assessments, the NPA helps educators draw accurate conclusions about learners’ competencies, fostering trust in the assessment process.

Comprehensive Guidance in Assessment

The NPA offers comprehensive guidance across various stages of school-based assessment:

  • Assessment Planning: The NPA guides educators on planning assessments effectively. From setting learning objectives to selecting appropriate assessment methods and crafting assessment criteria, educators gain insights into creating robust assessment plans.
  • Assessment Implementation: Implementing assessments is a critical phase, and the NPA provides guidance on how to administer assessments, mark them consistently, and offer constructive feedback to learners.
  • Assessment Reporting: Reporting on assessments is essential for transparency and communication. The NPA assists educators in compiling accurate assessment reports and effectively sharing them with parents and learners.

Empowering Educators and Leaders

The National Protocol on Assessment (NPA) serves as a compass for educators and school leaders in South Africa.

It offers a roadmap for conducting school-based assessments that adhere to the principles of fairness, equity, and authenticity.

By following the NPA’s guidelines, educators can ensure that their assessment practices contribute to meaningful learning experiences and accurate insights into learners’ progress.

As South Africa continues its journey toward educational excellence, the NPA remains an essential tool that empowers educators to assess, guide, and nurture learners, paving the way for a brighter future.

What are four reasons why school based assessments is important?

School-based assessments play a pivotal role in the educational landscape, serving as a dynamic tool for educators to enhance student learning and growth.

This article explores four compelling reasons why school-based assessments hold significant value, shaping the educational experience for students and guiding instructional strategies for educators.

1. Monitoring Student Learning

School-based assessments stand as a compass that guides educators in tracking student progress along their academic journey.

Through continuous assessment, teachers gain insights into each student’s development, identifying areas where additional support might be required.

By identifying learning gaps and strengths, educators can fine-tune their instructional approaches to ensure that every student remains aligned with learning goals.

2. Providing Constructive Feedback

Feedback is a catalyst for improvement, and school-based assessments offer a platform for delivering timely and constructive insights to students.

Feedback not only acknowledges students’ efforts but also highlights areas where enhancement is possible.

By knowing their strengths and where they can improve, students are empowered to take charge of their learning journey and develop vital skills for lifelong learning.

3. Informing Instructional Decisions

Educators are tasked with catering to diverse learning needs, and school-based assessments equip them with essential data for informed decision-making.

When assessments reveal that a student is grappling with a particular concept, educators can tailor their instruction to address these challenges directly.

This individualized approach ensures that every student receives the support they need to succeed.

4. Reporting Student Achievement

Transparency in reporting student achievement is a cornerstone of effective education.

School-based assessments yield valuable insights into students’ progress, providing a comprehensive picture of their capabilities and growth.

This information is invaluable for parents, guardians, and stakeholders in making well-informed decisions regarding educational pathways, support systems, and the overall improvement of the learning environment.

Fostering Comprehensive Development

In summation, school-based assessments nurture comprehensive student development by:

  • Guiding Growth: Continuous assessment guides students on a path of consistent improvement by addressing their learning gaps.
  • Empowering Learning: Constructive feedback empowers students to take control of their learning journey and strive for excellence.
  • Personalizing Instruction: Data from assessments allows educators to tailor instruction to suit individual learning needs.
  • Facilitating Transparency: Transparent reporting provides stakeholders with a clear understanding of student achievements and areas for growth.

Embracing the Value of School-Based Assessments

As education continues to evolve, the significance of school-based assessments remains steadfast.

These assessments not only gauge student progress but also provide a roadmap for tailored instruction, offer insights for continuous improvement, and facilitate open communication with parents and stakeholders.

In essence, school-based assessments are the bridge that connects educators, students, and the pursuit of educational excellence.

Why school based assessment is conducted in SA?

School-Based Assessment (SBA) serves as a cornerstone of the South African educational system, bearing the potential to transform student learning, enhance teaching practices, and foster educational accountability.

This section of this post delves into the multitude of reasons why SBA is conducted in South Africa, highlighting its role in providing a holistic view of student learning, enhancing teaching effectiveness, promoting student engagement, and ensuring educational excellence.

Comprehensive and Holistic View of Student Learning

SBA transcends traditional assessment methods, offering a panoramic view of student learning.

It encompasses a spectrum of skills and knowledge, extending beyond the confines of conventional tests.

By evaluating diverse competencies, SBA empowers educators to grasp the entirety of students’ strengths and areas requiring reinforcement.

This insight guides tailored support, ensuring every student’s potential is nurtured.

Enhancing Teaching and Learning Effectiveness

SBA serves as a guiding light for educators, illuminating the path to effective teaching and learning.

By analyzing SBA results, teachers gain insights into students’ learning patterns, enabling them to customize their instructional approaches.

This personalization ensures that teaching strategies align with students’ unique needs, creating a fertile ground for knowledge absorption and growth.

Boosting Student Motivation and Engagement

Feedback is a catalyst for motivation, and SBA delivers constructive insights that empower students.

Armed with knowledge about their strengths and areas of improvement, students are inspired to develop a growth mindset.

SBA’s motivational impact resonates as students strive for excellence, fortified by the understanding that their educational journey is a continuum of growth.

Holding Schools Accountable for Student Learning

SBA embodies a pivotal role in promoting educational accountability.

By comparing SBA results, schools can gauge their performance against peers and benchmarks.

This comparative analysis unveils areas of strength and opportunities for enhancement.

For underperforming schools, SBA serves as a compass, guiding the allocation of additional support to bolster education quality.

Benefits of SBA in South Africa

The benefits of employing SBA within the South African educational framework are multifaceted:

  • Improving Student Achievement: SBA identifies areas where students struggle, allowing for targeted interventions that uplift academic performance.
  • Reducing Achievement Gap: By tracking progress over time, SBA identifies at-risk students, facilitating timely support and bridging gaps in achievement.
  • Enhancing Teacher Practice: SBA empowers teachers to reflect on their methods and evolve as educators, translating into enriched teaching and learning experiences.
  • Strengthening School Accountability: SBA results benchmark schools’ performance, driving continuous improvement and enhancing overall education quality.

Transforming Education Through SBA

In essence, School-Based Assessment is not merely an evaluative tool; it’s a catalyst for educational transformation.

Its role in providing holistic insights, refining teaching strategies, motivating students, and fostering accountability reshapes the educational landscape.

SBA champions the pursuit of excellence, promoting individual growth, and nurturing a culture of continuous improvement.

As South Africa’s education system evolves, the significance of SBA remains unwavering, steering the nation toward a future where student learning thrives, teaching practices excel, and schools stand as beacons of educational achievement.

What is the most common type of assessment in schools?

Assessment serves as a compass that guides educators and students on the path of educational progress.

Within the educational landscape, various assessment types contribute to a comprehensive understanding of student learning.

This section of this post delves into the most common types of assessments in schools, shedding light on their significance and roles in shaping effective teaching and learning strategies.

Formative Assessment: Fostering Ongoing Growth

Formative assessments stand as a dynamic tool, facilitating continuous growth in both students and educators.

These ongoing assessments are designed to monitor student learning and provide timely feedback.

They offer insights into areas where additional support is needed, allowing educators to tailor instruction to cater to students’ needs.

Common formative assessment methods include quizzes, homework, classroom discussions, peer assessments, and self-assessments.

  • Quizzes: Quizzes offer a snapshot of student comprehension, assessing knowledge of specific concepts.
  • Homework: Homework evaluates understanding of concepts and promotes skill application.
  • Classroom Discussions: Classroom discussions gauge understanding and promote critical thinking.
  • Peer Assessments: Peer assessments provide students with valuable feedback from their peers.
  • Self-Assessments: Self-assessments encourage introspection, enabling students to identify areas for improvement.

Formative assessments empower students with insights into their progress, fostering a culture of self-directed learning and growth.

Summative Assessment: Culminating Knowledge

Summative assessments mark significant milestones in the educational journey.

These assessments are administered at the conclusion of a unit, course, or school year.

Summative assessments play a crucial role in assigning grades to students, offering a snapshot of their overall understanding and competence.

These assessments provide a comprehensive view of the skills and knowledge students have accumulated, allowing educators to gauge the effectiveness of their instruction.

Diagnostic Assessment: Tailoring Instruction

Diagnostic assessments herald the beginning of the learning journey.

Administered at the start of a unit or course, these assessments gauge students’ prior knowledge of the subject matter.

This information empowers educators to tailor their instruction to suit students’ individual needs, ensuring that every student is appropriately challenged and supported.

Performance Assessment: Real-World Application

Performance assessments bridge the gap between theory and real-world application.

These assessments require students to demonstrate their knowledge and skills in practical, real-life scenarios.

Performance assessments evaluate students’ abilities to apply what they’ve learned to solve complex, authentic problems.

By showcasing their competencies in a tangible manner, students prove their readiness for real-world challenges.

A Holistic Approach to Assessment

The type of assessment employed in education varies based on the purpose and context.

Collectively, these assessments form a tapestry that enriches the educational experience:

  • Formative Assessment: Cultivates growth through ongoing feedback and adjustments to instruction.
  • Summative Assessment: Marks significant milestones, assigning grades and gauging overall understanding.
  • Diagnostic Assessment: Tailors instruction by assessing prior knowledge.
  • Performance Assessment: Measures real-world application of knowledge and skills.

Embracing the Diversity of Assessment

As education evolves, the diversity of assessment types enriches the teaching and learning process.

From formative assessments that foster continuous growth to summative assessments that encapsulate learning outcomes, each type plays a distinct role in shaping educational excellence.

By harnessing the power of these assessments, educators empower students to achieve their full potential, ensuring a well-rounded and effective educational journey.

What are three reasons why school based assessment is important?

The realm of education is illuminated by the profound impact of School-Based Assessment (SBA).

This multifaceted tool serves as a guiding light, nurturing student learning, enriching teaching practices, and fostering a culture of accountability.

Delve into the core reasons and myriad benefits that underscore the importance of SBA, enhancing the educational landscape.

1. Monitoring Student Learning: A Pathway to Progress

SBA stands as a sentinel, vigilantly monitoring student learning trajectories.

Through continuous assessment, it paints an evolving picture of individual growth. By tracking progress over time, educators unearth insights into students’ strengths and areas requiring intervention.

Armed with this knowledge, instructional adjustments are made, ensuring all students stride confidently toward learning goals.

2. Providing Feedback: Fueling Motivation and Mastery

Feedback is the bedrock of growth, and SBA amplifies its impact.

By offering timely insights into student work, SBA empowers learners to understand their competencies and chart pathways to improvement.

This feedback fuels motivation, fostering a desire for self-improvement and kindling a flame of perpetual learning.

3. Guiding Effective Instruction: Tailoring the Learning Journey

Educators are stewards of learning, and SBA equips them with a compass for effective instruction.

By identifying areas of struggle, educators craft targeted interventions that address individual needs.

This tailored approach ensures that no student is left behind, ushering them toward successful educational outcomes.

Harnessing the Power of SBA: Additional Benefits

Beyond its core role, SBA bestows a cascade of benefits:

  • Elevating Student Achievement: SBA pinpoints learning gaps, guiding personalized interventions that bolster academic performance.
  • Closing the Achievement Gap: By tracking progress, SBA identifies students at risk of falling behind, enabling timely support to bridge the achievement gap.
  • Enhancing Teacher Excellence: Reflective practice is nurtured as teachers analyze SBA results, paving the way for refined teaching methods and enriched learning experiences.
  • Strengthening School Accountability: SBA results facilitate benchmarking and comparison, fostering a culture of transparency and continuous improvement.

A Tapestry of Educational Progress

In the intricate fabric of education, SBA weaves together student development, effective instruction, and accountability.

Its influence extends far beyond assessment, serving as a catalyst for growth:

  • Student Learning: Nurtures holistic student growth and development.
  • Effective Instruction: Informs tailored teaching strategies for diverse learners.
  • Accountability: Establishes benchmarks for educational excellence.

Embracing the Transformative Essence of SBA

School-Based Assessment (SBA) stands not as a mere evaluation tool but as a transformative force in education.

Its presence illuminates the path toward enhanced learning experiences, equitable education, and continuous improvement.

By harnessing its potential, educators and students alike embark on a journey of growth, enlightenment, and the fulfillment of untapped potential.

SBA empowers education to transcend boundaries and nurture a generation poised for greatness.

School Based Assessment According To NPA

Who is responsible for school based assessment?

In the intricate fabric of education, School-Based Assessment (SBA) emerges as a collaborative endeavor, engaging various stakeholders to elevate student learning, refine teaching practices, and foster educational excellence.

The responsibility for SBA varies across countries and school districts, making the harmonious participation of key stakeholders crucial to amplify its impact.

This section of this post delves into the roles and responsibilities of these stakeholders, illuminating the collective effort that underpins the effectiveness of SBA.

Teachers: Architects of Learning At the core of SBA stand educators, entrusted with designing, implementing, and refining the assessment process within their classrooms.

Teachers meticulously select appropriate assessment methods, gather invaluable data, and analyze insights to inform their instructional decisions.

Furthermore, they provide constructive feedback to students, nurturing growth and improvement.

As true advocates of SBA, teachers craft personalized learning experiences that unlock the full potential of each student.

School Leaders: Guardians of Support School leaders assume the vital role of being pillars of support, guiding teachers through their SBA endeavors.

They offer essential professional development opportunities, equipping educators with the necessary tools to execute effective assessments.

Fostering a culture of SBA within the school environment, these leaders ensure that assessment practices align seamlessly with learning objectives.

Overseeing the SBA process, school leaders ensure its smooth integration into the educational fabric.

District or State Officials: Architects of Frameworks District or state officials play a pivotal role in shaping the SBA landscape.

They take charge of developing guidelines and requirements that harmonize assessment practices across different schools.

By collecting and analyzing SBA data on a broader scale, these officials gain insights into prevailing educational trends and needs.

Through well-structured professional development initiatives, they empower teachers and school leaders to implement SBA effectively.

Parents: Partners in Education Parents emerge as invaluable partners on the journey of SBA.

With a vested interest in their children’s education, parents provide crucial feedback on SBA practices, thereby contributing to their continuous refinement.

Collaborating closely with teachers and school leaders, parents ensure that SBA aligns seamlessly with the unique needs of students.

Empowering their children at home, parents provide unwavering support in preparing for SBA tasks and utilizing data to set meaningful educational goals.

Students: Architects of Their Progress Students, too, wield an active role within the SBA ecosystem. As recipients of assessments, they offer valuable feedback on task design and assessment procedures.

Leveraging SBA data, students meticulously track their own progress, setting benchmarks for their personal growth journey.

Empowered with these insights, students become proactive participants in their own learning voyage, taking ownership of their educational success.

A Harmonious Symphony of Collaboration At its core, SBA thrives upon collaboration—a harmonious symphony where stakeholders synchronize their efforts:

  • Teachers: Craft tailored assessments, provide constructive feedback, and nurture growth.
  • School Leaders: Cultivate a supportive environment, oversee the SBA process.
  • District or State Officials: Develop comprehensive frameworks, offer strategic professional development.
  • Parents: Offer valuable feedback, empower students at home.
  • Students: Engage actively, track progress, and set personal educational goals.

Empowering Education Through Unity The orchestration of SBA involves an ensemble of stakeholders united by a common goal—enhancing education.

Through this collective endeavor, SBA transcends its role as a mere assessment tool. It evolves into a conduit for growth, enlightenment, and transformative education.

As stakeholders embrace their roles, they coalesce to cultivate an environment where SBA flourishes, propelling students toward a future imbued with boundless potential and infinite possibilities.


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